Benjamin Boczulak's
Honors World History Review


Joint Stock Company – A company whose stock is owned jointly by the shareholders

Constitution – A body of fundamental principles to which a state is to be governed

Tariff – A Tax on Imported Goods

Mass Production – The production of goods in large quantities

Monopoly – The exclusive possession or control of supply or trade

Capitalism – An economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profits, rather than buy the government.

Communism – An economic and political system in which all property is publicly owned and each person is paid according to their abilities and needs.

Absolutism – The acceptance of a belief in absolute principles

Fascism – An authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization.

Socialism – An economic and political system in which a country's production, distribution, and exchange should be owned by the community as a whole.

Revolution – A movement against a government or idea

Civil War – A war fought within one's country, usually over political ideas

Republic – A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president.

Coup d/tat - Occurs when a controversial power holds power for longer than 7 days

Dynasty – A line of hereditary rulers in a country

Central Powers – The alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, and Bulgaria during World War I

United Nations – An international organization of countries set up to promote peace, security, and cooperation.

Axis Powers – The alliance of Germany, Italy and Japan during World War II

League of Nations – An international organization established at the 1919 Treaty of Versailles to promote international cooperation.

Allied Powers – The alliance of United States, France, Soviet Union, Great Britain during World War II

Papal States – Small states that belong to the Pope in Italy

Eurasia – Combined continental land mass of Europe and Asia

Third Reich – Hitler's ruling of Germany

Austria-Hungary – A dual-monarchy controlled long by the Hapsburgs.

Weimar Republic – German Republic between 1919 and 1933, Fell to Aldof Hitler in 1933

Treaty of Versailles – End to World War I

Blitzkrieg – An intense military campaign intending to bring a swift victory

Pearl Harbor – First major attack by the Japanese on US soil

Nuremberg Trials – Found many leaders in the Nazi party guilty of crimes against humanity

D Day – Invasion by Allies on France's Northern Beaches

Apartheid – A system of racism in South Africa

Terrorism – The use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims.

Liberalism – The holding of liberal views

Imperialism – Extending a country's power through diplomacy or military force

Nationalism – Patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts.

Factors of Production – Inputs required to obtain an Output

Cold War – Nuclear tensions between The US and USSR

Korean War – War between Communism in the North and Capitalism in the South, 38th Parallel

Unions – Organization of workers advocating for workers rights

Vietnam War – War between South Vietnam – US and North Vietnam

Monarchy - Rule held by 1 individual until death

Berlin War – Wall that divided East and West Germany

Hitler – Chancellor Of Germany from 1933 to 1945, Not a good guy!

Mussolini – Fascist ruler of Italy, Best Friends with Hitler

Appeasement – Giving into aggressors demands to avoid war or conflict

Attrition – Conflict where each sides seeks to wear the other out with a series of small actions

Stalemate – A point in war where neither side has the upper hand

Reparations – Paying money to help those who have been wronged

Russian Revolution – Dismantled Taristic Autocracy and Lead to the formation of the Soviet Union

Reichstag – Burned in 1933 when Nazi's came to power

Nazi – Political Party in Germany from 1933-1945

Lenin – First Leader of the USSR

Stalin – Leader of USSR from 1920's to 1953

Slavs – Eastern Europeans

Belligerents – Individuals or Groups who act in a hostile manor

NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization

EEC – European Economic Community

EU – European Union

NAFTA - North American Free Trade Agreement

Warsaw Pact – Treaty signed by communist states in Europe as a response to NATO, dissolved in 1991

ASEAN – Association of Southeast Asian Nations

Serf – A worker bound under the feudal system to work on his lord's land

Enola Gay – Dropped Little Boy on Nagasaki

Empire – A group of countries or states under a single supreme authority

Contraband – Illegal Items

Atrocities – An extremely wicked or cruel act

Propaganda – Biased or Misleading Information used to promote a particular political cause or point of view

Ultimatum – A final demand

Armistice – An agreement made by both sides to stop fighting for a certain time

Economic Sanction – Financial penalties applied against a country or group

Mandate – An order

Gandhi – Indian Political leader who promoted peace

Mao tse Tung – Communist ruler in China

Collectivization – Where multiple farmers run their holdings as a joint enterprise to maximize efficiency

Totalitarianism -  State has total control, no limits

Atomic Bombs – Radioactive Bombs

Iron Curtain – Between Europe and Russia, Imaginary Boundary

Tsar Nicholas II – Last Emperor of Russia

Winston Churchill – Former British Prime Minister

FDR – Famous US President During Great Depression in World War II

Harry S Truman – Ended WWII, Made the call to drop bombs on Japan

Israel vs. Palestine – Jewish vs. Arab Population

Battle of Midway Island – US heavily damaged Japan's navy

Battle of Coral Sea – Major naval battle in the Pacific

V-E Day – May 8th 1945

V-J Day – September 2nd 1945

Nelson Mandela – Helped Abolish Apartheid in South Africa

Trench Warfare – Fighting lines took place in trenches